Six Arguments Against Subjectivism. I am a married middle-aged male, a Canadian citizen, a retired bridge engineer, a social democrat—I think that capitalismdespite its waste and obvious injusticeis infinitely preferable to real socialism with its horror of private property and its crazy faith in the incorruptability of bureaucrats and state officials—and a theist. My intellectual heroes are G. Lewis, Christopher Dawson, and, with qualifications, Bertrand Russell.
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Free course An introduction to social work 2. Such biographies play an important part in Understanding what vegetarianism entails us who we are. These ideas are all examples of the kind of knowledge or theory that informs social work practice. After all, some events will seem more important than others; we all highlight some experiences as more significant than others.
Yet there is more to the concept of identity than this definition suggests. In addition to different ideas about identity, you will explore the ways in which these impact on and affect social work.
However, it draws attention to an important debate about ourselves: Or is our identity complex and changing, transformed by the way in which we respond to similarities and differences between ourselves and those around us?
Professionals in health and social care, particularly in mental health, know only too well that the process of identity change can constitute a major crisis for their clients.
That process is often risk laden, heightening alienation and vulnerability, and necessitates much understanding and empathy. In the context of social work, examples could be a person becoming familiar with their birth heritage as an adult, developing new spiritual beliefs or even their experience of engaging with higher education and professional training, which for some people may provide a strong sense of identification, but for others may feel quite alienating.
In those circumstances, religious affiliation defines identity more strongly than many other attributes. Similarly, nationality or language may be strongly linked with identity, for example, whether someone identifies themselves as Welsh or British, Welsh-speaking or not, and some people who are Muslim or Jewish regard their religious identities as central to their being and way of life, while other Muslims or Jews might see their identities as more linked to community, family, nationality, ethnicity or class.
Minority groups might also see their identities as partially forged by the discrimination and exclusion they experience, which means that as discrimination changes, so identities can shift in relation to it.
As Hall suggests, the importance attributed to different aspects of identity are liable to shift and vary over time and with circumstances. Self-definition There are many important aspects to life that can help shape an identity, including nationality, class, religion, gender, sexuality and ethnicity.
Allow 20 minutes Write down a list of words you would use to define yourself, in order of importance. See how many of these draw on your work and your leisure activities the things that you do and how many draw on your personal characteristics the things that you are.
Then ask someone you know well to complete this exercise about you. Compare your list with theirs. Discussion How did you find carrying out this exercise? Notice that you have just applied the previous theoretical discussion on the shifting nature of identity to your own life and experiences.
Were factors such as ethnicity, class, gender, political beliefs, sexual identity, religious belief or lack of it and vegetarianism significant factors in your list, or did you include others?
Ascribed identity Ascribed identities can be thought of as the identities that other people, or society, might impose on you. These include, for example, gender-and age-defined identities which are rooted in very early social experience.
There may be conflict between the two kinds of identity. Stereotyping is a process through which we assign a set of attributes to a person based on their presumed membership of a particular group. It also involves simplifying information about complex situations.
For example, many older people find that their identity is seen only in terms of one attribute, their age, and the traits that are assumed to accompany that age, while their individual characteristics, capabilities and experiences are ignored.
Similarly, people with mental health problems are often portrayed as one group and are frequently stereotyped in films, books and television as being stupid or violent and therefore to be feared. It can be all too easy for individuals to absorb or internalise stereotypes so that they come to believe they are true of themselves or of others.
It is an important part of social work to become aware of how we may have internalised some assumptions about people before getting to know the real person. You may feel you have been stereotyped yourself.
For example, you might have come across some stereotypes of social workers and noticed that this affects your views of social work. How accurate do you think these stereotypes are?
Do they contain any truths? How does it make you feel to be stereotyped in that way? While we recognise that stereotypes exist in our culture and can become part of our personal responses and attitudes, it is important in social work that we spend time thinking about, and becoming aware of, our assumptions.
Activity 6 Thinking about your own stereotypes Allow 20 minutes Look at these images and answer the questions below.Green anarchism (or eco-anarchism) is a school of thought within anarchism which puts a particular emphasis on environmental issues.A green anarchist theory is normally one that extends anarchist ideology beyond a critique of human interactions, and includes a critique of the interactions between humans and non-humans as well.
This often culminates in an anarchist revolutionary praxis that is.
BASIC PHILOSOPHY. A COLLECTION OF FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS & A GUIDE FOR THE PHILOSOPHICALLY PERPLEXED. Also. TOPICS FOR LIBERAL EDUCATION TOPICS FOR NEW EDUCATION. A Word of Caution. Few statements are true in all respects or for all plausible interpretations.
This is especially true of interesting or significant statements and arises from the . Animal Rights Philosophers on Animal Habitat, Part One: Tom Regan In many formulations of vegan ethics, domestication is considered an inherently exploitative arrangement.
It turns animals into doting. Licensed Nutritionist Career Overview. A Licensed Nutritionist has earned credentials from a nationally recognized nutrition licensing body, such as the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR) of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), the Certification Board for Nutrition Specialists (CBNS) or the Clinical Nutrition Certification Board (CNCB).
An organized collection of ideas (esp. logic, certainty, faith, freedom, common sense, mystery, paradox, language) for truth seekers, idea lovers, etc. The laws of. Contents of this volume: From the Director.
Main Article: "Education for Global Citizenship and Social Responsibility" by Julie Andrzejewski & John Alessio Reponse to Global Citizenship by Richard Brosio.