Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
Dimmesdale does not realize Chillingworth's motives, but he nonetheless comes to fear and abhor him. As Dimmesdale's suffering becomes more painful and his body grows weaker, his popularity among the congregation grows stronger. Such mistaken adoration, however, further tortures Dimmesdale and brings him often to the point of making a public confession that he is Pearl's father.
The minister's sermons are eloquent, but his vague assertions of his own sinful nature are taken by his parishioners as further evidence of his holiness. Because Dimmesdale is incapable of confessing that he was Hester's lover and that he is Pearl's father — the one act necessary to his salvation — he substitutes self-punishment.
He beats himself with a bloody whip and keeps frequent all-night vigils during which his mind is plagued by frightening visions.
On one such night while he is seeking peace, Dimmesdale dresses carefully in his clerical clothes and leaves the house. Analysis This chapter and the previous one give an in-depth description of a heart "of human frailty and sorrow. Along with strong characterizations of Dimmesdale and Chillingworth, Hawthorne makes two additions to the plot in this chapter: Hawthorne's irony is evident again in the clever paradox of Dimmesdale's futile attempts at public confession.
His suffering has given him sympathies that cause him to understand the sins of others, which results in eloquent and moving sermons.
The more Dimmesdale asserts his own sinfulness, the holier his congregation believes him to be. The clergyman is aware that his inadequate confessions are being misunderstood; in fact, he is consciously taking advantage of that misunderstanding: Hawthorne ensures that readers' sympathy for Dimmesdale's suffering does not blind them to the fact that the minister is a sinner whose troubles are largely of his own making.
At the same time, the symbol of human evil, Chillingworth, appears more evil than ever in this chapter. Chillingworth, Hawthorne says, is a "poor, forlorn creature. He is becoming the personification of evil. Enoch was pure enough that he walked with God and went to heaven without having to die first.The Moment: A Fictional Story - This was it.
This was the moment he was waiting for. The moment to step up on the green, hard court and show everyone, what . is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.
Symbol and Interpretation in Hawthorne's Scarlet Letter. By Dr. Stephanie Carrez paper delivered at the conference of the Nathaniel Hawthorne Society, celebrating the Hawthorne . The 17th century. This history of American literature begins with the arrival of English-speaking Europeans in what would become the United States.
At first American literature was naturally a colonial literature, by authors who . Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Nathaniel Hawthorne describes a prison, a cemetery, ugly weeds, and a wild rosebush.
Explain the symbolism of each of these items. The prison represents condemned and disgraced people.