Although he was admired by his contemporaries primarily as an outstanding harpsichordist, organist, and expert on organ building, Bach is now generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time and is celebrated as the creator of the Brandenburg ConcertosThe Well-Tempered Clavierthe Mass in B Minor, and numerous other masterpieces of church and instrumental music.
Unfortunately, a quarter of the whole town had recently been devastated by fire; it was difficult for him to find suitable dwellings, and he was thus forced to pay a high rent. Nevertheless, shortly after his arrival, he brought his cousin Maria Barbara from Arnstadt, and on October 17th he married her at the small church in the picturesque little village of Dornheim.
Maria Barbara came of a branch of the musical Bach family, her father being organist at Gehren.
J.S. Bach was the youngest child of Johann Ambrosius Bach and Elisabeth Lämmerhirt. Ambrosius was a string player, employed by the town council and the ducal court of Eisenach. Johann Sebastian started school in or and did well in spite of frequent absences. Of his musical education at. 21 rows · Find Johann Sebastian Bach bio, music, credits, awards, & streaming links on AllMusic - . J.S. Bach was the youngest child of Johann Ambrosius Bach and Elisabeth Lämmerhirt. Ambrosius was a string player, employed by the town council and the ducal court of Eisenach. Johann Sebastian started school in or and did well in spite of frequent absences. Of his musical education at.
This success gave Bach the courage to put in a long and detailed report, proposing a complete renovation and improvement of the organ in the St Blasiuskirche. The Council agreed to carry out the renovation and improvements, and Bach was given the task of supervising the work, for not only was he now a brilliant player, he had also become an expert on the construction of organs.
Bach was apprehensive of the latter's growing influence, in addition to the fact that his immediate superior was a Pietist. The Council had little option but to allow his departure.
However, the situation was concluded quite amicably and Bach was asked that he should continue to supervise the rebuilding of the St Blasiuskirche organ. This he did, and some time in he came over to inaugurate its first performance. Not least was his employer, the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar, one of the most distinguished and cultured nobles of his time.
Bach's two-fold position as member of the chamber orchestra and as Organist to the Court offered him many opportunities for improvement.
The Court Orchestra consisted of about 22 players: Bach's function in the orchestra was mainly as a violinist, however he also played the harpsichord and occasionally wrote or arranged some of the music. As was the custom in most 18th century Courts, the musicians also spent some of their time employed in household and domestic duties.
In Bach became the leader of the orchestra, and was now second only to the old and frail Capellmeister Johann Samuel Drese, whose duties he was gradually taking over.
The organ was new and not quite as large as the one at Arnstadt.
After a few years, Bach declared that it was inadequate and should be rebuilt. It was in fact rebuilt at great expense according to his plans: During this period he wrote profusely for the organ, and he was rapidly becoming known throughout the country as one of the greatest German organists.
Organ pupils came to him from far and wide, and he was asked to test or dedicate many organs in various towns. His tests were extremely thorough and critical. He used to say for fun 'Above all I must know whether the organ has a good lung', and, pulling out all the stops he produced the largest sound possible, often making the organ builders go pale with fright.
He would usually complete his trial by improvising a prelude and fugue: Constantin Bellermann describes his playing during a visit to Kassel in these words; 'His feet seemed to fly across the pedals as if they were winged, and mighty sounds filled the church'. He had invented so comfortable a fingering that he could master the most difficult parts with perfect ease using 5 fingers instead of the then normal 3.
He was able to accomplish passages on the pedals with his feet which would have given trouble to the fingers of many a clever player on the keyboard'.
On a visit to Halle induring which he gave a trial cantata probably BWV 21he was invited to become organist in succession to Zachau, a composer well-known, and celebrated as Handel's early teacher. However, the conditions and salary were not sufficient for his growing family, so he was obliged to refuse the post.
On a visit to Dresden, Bach was invited to compete in a contest with the visiting French organist, Louis Marchand, considered to be one of the best in Europe. But, on the day appointed for the contest, Marchand decided to withdraw discreetly by taking the fastest coach available back to France.
And so Bach gave an impressive solo performance before the assembled audience and referees, establishing himself as the finest organist of the day. Bach made some very good friends at Weimar, among whom was the eminent philologist and scholar Johann Matthias Gesner, who expressed with great eloquence his admiration for the composer's genius.
Here the interest was in the new Italian style of music which was then becoming the rage of Europe, one of the chief exponents being the Venetian composer Vivaldi. Bach and his cousin Johann Georg Walther transcribed some of the Italian instrumental concertos for keyboard instruments.
Consequently musicians of the first household were forbidden to fraternize with those of the second. Bach did his best to ignore what was, after all, merely an extension of a private quarrel. But the atmosphere was no longer so pleasant. Added to this, the ancient Capellmeister then died, and Bach was passed over for the post in favor of the late Capellmeister's mediocre son.
At this, Bach was bitterly disappointed, for he had lately been doing most of the Capellmeister's work, and had confidently expected to be given the post.
This infuriated the Duke of Weimar, so that when Bach put in a polite request for his release, he was arrested and put in the local jail.
However, after a month, he was released and given reluctant permission to resign his office. Prince Leopold had already spent three years doing the Grand Tour of Europe, first to Holland and England, through Germany to Italy, returning by way of Vienna.
So he would have been thoroughly familiar with the latest European fashions in music.EISENACH: Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21st l, the son of Johann Ambrosius, court trumpeter for the Duke of Eisenach and director of the musicians of the town of Eisenach in Thuringia.
Find Johann Sebastian Bach bio, music, credits, awards, & streaming links on AllMusic - Bach was a German composer of the Baroque period Find Johann Sebastian Bach bio, music, credits, awards, & streaming links on AllMusic - Bach was a German composer of the Baroque period.
Watch video · A magnificent baroque-era composer, Johann Sebastian Bach is revered through the ages for his work's musical complexities and stylistic innovations.
Born on March 31, (N.S.), in . Johann Sebastian Bach. March 21, - July 28, Baroque Period. Born in Germany.
Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach, Germany, where his father was a town musician. Bach came from a long line of composers - over years' worth of Bachs all worked as professional musicians.
By the time Johann was 10, both his parents had died, so. Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March – 28 July ) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Brandenburg Concertos and the Goldberg Variations, and vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor.
Watch video · A magnificent baroque-era composer, Johann Sebastian Bach is revered through the ages for his work's musical complexities and stylistic innovations. Born on March 31, (N.S.), in .