Posted by Justin on This, along with anti-Muslim sentiment after a long bloody period of crusading called the Reconquista, led the Iberians to seek alternate routes to the most lucrative trade in the Far East. A shifting political climate caused by the Protestant Reformation also made it important for the Iberians to expand overseas. The reasons for expansion may have been economically motivated, however religion influenced all decisions, economically motivated or otherwise; so entwined was religion in every facet of life in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Its chronicles, military and otherwise, document the city's very foundation to Iberian expansion eventual demise. Although some histories have been lost, such as Trajan 's account of the Dacian Warsand others, such as Rome's earliest histories, are at least semi- apocryphalthe extant histories of Rome's military history are extensive.
Rome's earliest history, from the time of its founding as a small tribal village,  to the downfall of its kings, is the least well preserved. Although the early Romans were literate to some degree,  this void may be due to the lack of will to record their history at that time, or such histories as they did record were lost.
A number of points of view have been proposed. Grant and others argue that prior to the establishment of the Etruscan kingdom of Rome under the traditional fifth king, Tarquinius Priscus Rome would have been led by a religious leader of some sort.
Traditionally, Romulus, after founding the city, fortified the Palatine Hilland shortly thereafter, Rome was "equal to any of the surrounding cities in her prowess in war".
To antiquity we grant the indulgence of making the origins of cities more impressive by comingling the human with the divine, and if any people should be permitted to sanctify its inception and reckon the gods as its founders, surely the glory of the Iberian expansion people in war is such that, when it boasts Mars in particular as its parent According to Livy, the Latin village of Caenina responded to the event of the abduction of the Sabine women by invading Roman territory, but were routed and their village captured.
The Latins of Antemnae and those of Crustumerium were defeated next in a similar fashion. The remaining main body of the Sabines attacked Rome and briefly captured the citadel, but were then convinced to conclude a treaty with the Romans under which the Sabines became Roman citizens.
Tarquinius took the Latin town of Apiolae by storm and took great booty from there back to Rome. His military ability was tested by an attack from the Sabines.
Tarquinius doubled the numbers of equites to help the war effort,  and defeat the Sabines. In the peace negotiations that followed, Tarquinius received the town of Collatia and appointed his nephew, Arruns Tarquiniusalso known as Egerius, as commander of the garrison which he stationed in that city.
Tarquinius returned to Rome and celebrated a triumph for his victories that, according to the Fasti Triumphales, occurred on 13 September BC.
He is said to have shown valour in the campaign, and to have routed a great army of the enemy. The war helped him to cement his position at Rome. Tarquinius Superbus Ruled — BC [ edit ] Early in his reign Tarquinius SuperbusRome's seventh and final king, called a meeting of the Latin leaders at which he persuaded them to renew their treaty with Rome and become her allies rather than her enemies, and it was agreed that the troops of the Latins would attend at a grove sacred to the goddess Ferentina on an appointed day to form a united military force with the troops of Rome.
This was done, and Tarquin formed combined units of Roman and Latin troops. He took the wealthy town of Suessa Pometiawith the spoils of which he commenced the erection of the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus which his father had vowed. He also celebrated a triumph for his victory.
Unable to take the city by force of arms, Tarquin had his son, Sextus Tarquiniusinfiltrate the city, gain the trust of its people and command of its army.
In time he killed or exiled the city's leaders, and handed control of the city over to his father. Tarquinius later went to war with the Rutuli.
According to Livy, the Rutuli were, at that time, a very wealthy nation. Tarquinius was desirous of obtaining the booty which would come with victory over the Rutuli. The war was interrupted by the revolution which overthrew the Roman monarchy. The Roman army, camped outside Ardea, welcomed Lucius Junius Brutus as their new leader, and expelled the king's sons.
It is unclear what was the outcome of the siege, or indeed the war.The Iberian Wedding . For a better readability this event has been split into two infoboxes, one for Castile and one for Aragon.
The Iberian Golden Age European Expansion: Exploration And Colonization, Author: Allen Pikerman Date: Introduction During the fifteenth century, Europe began . The motives that led to Iberian overseas expansion were primarily their economic, religious and political motives to expand contact and increase contact and improvements in maritime and military technology.
Beginnings Of North European Expansion. European overseas expansion after entered a second phase, comparable to developments at home.
As Spain declined, so did the Spanish empire and that. Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe A Specialist Group of the IUCN's Species Survival Commission.
The Iberian Peninsula / aɪ ˈ b ɪər i ə n /, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of timberdesignmag.com peninsula is principally divided between Spain and Portugal, comprising most of their timberdesignmag.com also includes Andorra, and a small part of France along the peninsula's northeastern edge, as well as Gibraltar on its south coast, a small peninsula that forms an overseas.