The leadership in both countries at the time of their revolutions was certainly repressive, especially in terms of taxation. While there are several similarities in these revolutions, there are also a few key differences. This comparison essay on the French and American Revolutions seeks to explore the parallels as well as the divisions that are present in both the American Revolution and the French Revolution.
Alan Woods explains the internal dynamics of the revolution and above all the role played by the masses.
The French Revolution was a social and political upheal in France between the years of to Not only did it have a major impact on France but the rest of Europe as well. Haitian Revolution; Part of the Atlantic Revolutions, French Revolutionary Wars, and Napoleonic Wars.: Battle at San Domingo, a painting by January Suchodolski, depicting a struggle between Polish troops in French service and the slave rebels and freed revolutionary soldiers. The Economic Origins of the French Revolution - The inflated opinion the French monarchy had about themselves and other nobles lent itself to how they contributed to and handled the economic downturn in France for centuries prior to the French Revolution.
The events here described are just as relevant and inspirational now as they were then. The French revolution is an endless source of lessons for modern socialists and working class activists. The present republication therefore requires no particular justification. However, as the articles in question were written ten years ago, they contain several references to the contemporary scene which are perhaps not so relevant as they were then.
In particular, the references to Gorbachev and his reforms known as "Perestroika' and "glasnost" now seem like ancient history. I merely point out here that, at a time when everyone was hailing Gorbachev's great reforms, we explained that Perestroika would inevitably fail. That prediction was shown to be correct.
But instead of leading to a political revolution which would have carried the USSR forward to genuine socialism, the utter rottenness of the Stalinist regime has led to a capitalist counterrevolution with the most catastrophic results for all the peoples of the former Soviet Union.
That, however, is not the subject of the present essay. At first, I considered re-writing the articles. But this would have been too time consuming. I therefore decided to republish them as they stand, but with an introductory essay in which I could take advantage of the occasion to underline and develop some of the main themes under consideration.
Of course, the interest in the French revolution is not confined to France. Like the Russian revolution, it belongs to that category of truly great historical events which are universal in content.
The modern socialist who wishes to understand what revolution is would be well advised to study the events of in depth. Likewise, if one wishes to understand the mechanics of the Stalinist degeneration of the Russian revolution, a careful study of the rise of Bonapartism in France provides some very valuable clues and insights.
Today, ten years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the bourgeoisie has launched an unprecedented ideological counteroffensive against the idea of revolution and socialism. The essence of this counter-offensive is this: It is the first duty of Marxists to answer this lie and show that capitalism is just as doomed as was the regime of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.
Today as then, revolutionary theory played a key role. The road to revolution was prepared by a remarkable generation of thinkers and philosophers who subjected the established order to a radical criticism.
The role of revolutionary theory is just as great today—in fact, more so. The institutions, morality, religion, politics and prejudices of a given society are powerful barriers barring the road to change. They must be challenged and exposed as a prior condition for a fundamental change in society.
Role of the masses A careful study of the French revolution and the Russian provide a complete antidote to the slander that revolutions are the work of tiny handfuls of conspirators and demagogues. The role of the masses is fundamental in driving the revolution forward at every stage.
And when this active participation of the masses ebbs, the revolution comes to a full stop and goes into reverse. That was the case both in France and Russia, and led directly to reaction, firstly of the Thermidorian and later of the Bonapartist variety.
It is impossible to read the inspiring history of the French revolution in the period of its ascent without a profound feeling of pride in the achievements of a revolutionary people. Here is the answer to all the cowards and sceptics who doubt the tremendous potential that is present everywhere in the masses.
Trotsky defines a revolution as the moment when the masses, that is to say, the millions of ordinary men and women, begin to participate in politics, to take their lives and destinies into their own hands. Revolution stirs up society to the bottom, and mobilises layers that were previously inert and "non-political".
The role of women in the French revolution is a graphic illustration of this fact. Among the most decisive moments in the revolution was the fifth of Octoberwhen six or seven thousand women of Paris marched in the pouring rain to Versailles to demand bread and force the king to move to Paris.
The men were shamed into joining this strange procession of "the baker, the baker's wife and the baker's boy" which turned the king of France into a virtual prisoner of the revolutionary people.The French and Russian Revolutions Essay - Revolutions are usually associated with change.
Although change is monumental and significant, the way change happens and why it happens are more important things to consider. The French Revolution Was A Single Feeling - Two of the three estates had rights and privileges such as being excused from paying taxes, and having the opportunity to run for a high office.
The French Revolution was a period of time from to in France where there was political instability. It officially began on the 14th of July, , when the Bastille, which was a symbol of the King’s harsh policies, was stormed.
The French and Russian Revolutions were both very dramatic and have influenced the political standings of both nations and nations surrounding them to this day.
The Russian Revolution, although performed over years later, is a great comparison to the French Revolution, due to . The revolutionary movement from a global culture of war to a global culture of peace is the greatest challenge of the 21st Century.
In the 20th Century the socialist culture of war has failed, but there is still much to learn from great revolutionaries such as Marx, Engels, Lenin, Mao, Che and Fidel, as well as the American, French, Russian, Chinese and Cuban revolutions. Nov 05, · Russian Revolution Essay.
Throughout history there have been many revolutions between the population of a country and its government. People always want change, usually in the directions of freedom, peace and equality and in the lead up to the Russian revolution; there were a variety of social, political and economic situations that all.