Introduction This document begins with a brief overview of action research and a discussion of its advantages and disadvantages. The intention is to help you make an informed choice about your approach to your research. There is a particular focus on doing research for a thesis or dissertation, or for a similar independent research report.
Such entities exist increasingly in an interdependent world, and are relying on Action Research as a means of coming to grips with their constantly changing and turbulent environments.
The evolution of the approach will be described, including the various kinds of action research being used today. The role of the Action research papers on improving following directions researcher will be briefly mentioned, and some ethical considerations discussed.
The tools of the action researcher, particularly that of the use of search conferences, will be explained. Finally three case studies will be briefly described, two of which pertain to action research projects involving information technology, a promising area needing further research.
Definition Action research is known by many other names, including participatory research, collaborative inquiry, emancipatory research, action learning, and contextural action research, but all are variations on a theme.
While this is the essence of the approach, there are other key attributes of action research that differentiate it from common problem-solving activities that we all engage in every day. A more succinct definition is, "Action research Thus, there is a dual commitment in action research to study a system and concurrently to collaborate with members of the system in changing it in what is together regarded as a desirable direction.
Accomplishing this twin goal requires the active collaboration of researcher and client, and thus it stresses the importance of co-learning as a primary aspect of the research process.
Several attributes separate action research from other types of research. Primary is its focus on turning the people involved into researchers, too - people learn best, and more willingly apply what they have learned, when they do it themselves.
It also has a social dimension - the research takes place in real-world situations, and aims to solve real problems. Finally, the initiating researcher, unlike in other disciplines, makes no attempt to remain objective, but openly acknowledges their bias to the other participants.
Stephen Kemmis has developed a simple model of the cyclical nature of the typical action research process Figure 1. Each cycle has four steps: He distinguishes five phases to be conducted within each research cycle Figure 2.
Initially, a problem is identified and data is collected for a more detailed diagnosis. This is followed by a collective postulation of several possible solutions, from which a single plan of action emerges and is implemented.
Data on the results of the intervention are collected and analyzed, and the findings are interpreted in light of how successful the action has been. At this point, the problem is re-assessed and the process begins another cycle.
This process continues until the problem is resolved. Figure 2 Detailed Action Research Model adapted from Susman What gives action research its unique flavour is the set of principles that guide the research.
Winter provides a comprehensive overview of six key principles. Truth in a social setting, however, is relative to the teller. The principle of reflective critique ensures people reflect on issues and processes and make explicit the interpretations, biases, assumptions and concerns upon which judgments are made.
In this way, practical accounts can give rise to theoretical considerations.
Phenomena are conceptualized in dialogue, therefore a dialectical critique is required to understand the set of relationships both between the phenomenon and its context, and between the elements constituting the phenomenon.
The key elements to focus attention on are those constituent elements that are unstable, or in opposition to one another. These are the ones that are most likely to create changes. It strives to avoid the skewing of credibility stemming from the prior status of an idea-holder.
It especially makes possible the insights gleaned from noting the contradictions both between many viewpoints and within a single viewpoint 4 Risk The change process potentially threatens all previously established ways of doing things, thus creating psychic fears among the practitioners.Ction Research Action Research: Methods for skill development in following directions in high school students I am currently doing an action research project on the topic of techniques to help high school students develop skills for following directions.
My particular area of interest is math education. Action research: enhancing classroom practices, Page1 Action research: enhancing classroom practice and fulfilling educational responsibilities Mark R.
Young Winona State University Eve Rapp The following is an illustration of .
Action research is a form of collective self-reflective enquiry undertaken by participants in social situations in order to improve the rationality and justice of their own social or educational. So do educational TV shows for kids.
“Wait time” is that three- to seven-second pause after you say something or ask a question. Research shows that kids process better what you have to say—and respond to it appropriately—when they let it sink in. Your child still may not follow directions or answer your question after that pause.
Improving Student Research 10 Ways to Improve Student Research Search this Guide Search. Improving Student Research The following tips for faculty to help students successfully complete research assignments are based on the results of studies conducted by Project Information Literacy (PIL), Locations and Directions;.
Kemmis and McTaggart () suggest that the fundamental components of action research include the following: (1) developing a plan for improvement, (2) implementing the plan, (3) observing and documenting the effects of the plan, and (4) reflecting on the effects of the plan for further planning and informed action.