President of South Africa and Activist Born: July 18, in Mvezo, South Africa Died:
Political prisoner In Mandela was again arrested, this time for leaving South Africa illegally and for inciting strikes.
He was sentenced to five years in jail. The following year he was tried with other leaders of Umkhonto weSizwe on a charge of high treason, following a government raid of the group's secret headquarters.
Mandela was given a life sentence, which he began serving in the maximum security prison on South Africa's Robben Island. During the twenty-seven years that Mandela spent in prison, his example of quiet suffering was just one of many pressures on South Africa's apartheid government.
Public discussion of Mandela was illegal, and he was allowed few visitors. But as the years dragged on, he was increasingly viewed as a martyr one who suffers for a cause in South Africa and around the world, making him a symbol of international protests against apartheid. In Mandela was hospitalized with an illness, and after his recovery he was returned to prison under somewhat less harsh conditions.
By this time, the situation within South Africa was becoming desperate for the ruling white powers. Protest had spread, and international pressures for the end of apartheid were increasing.
More and more, South Africa was isolated as a racist state. It was against this backdrop that F. Freedom On February 11,Mandela walked out of prison. He received joyful welcomes wherever he went around the world. In he assumed the presidency of the ANC, which had been given legal status again by the government.
Both Mandela and deKlerk realized that only a compromise between whites and blacks could prevent civil war in South Africa. As a result, in latea multiparty Convention for a Democratic South Africa met to establish a new, democratic government that gave people of all colors rights to determine the country's future.
Mandela and deKlerk led the negotiations, and their efforts gained them the Nobel Peace Prize in In Septemberthe two leaders signed a document that created a freely elected constitutional assembly to draft a new constitution and to act as a transition government a government that functions temporarily while a new government is being formed.
On April 27,the first free elections open to all South African citizens were held. The ANC won over sixty-two percent of the popular vote, and Mandela was elected president.
Presidency and retirement As president, Mandela worked to ease the dangerous political differences in his country and to build up the South African economy.
To a remarkable degree he was successful in his aims. Mandela's skill at building compromise and his enormous personal authority helped him lead the transition to democracy.
In an effort to help the country heal, he also backed the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission which offered amnesty exemption from criminal prosecution to those who had committed crimes during the apartheid era.
This action helped to promote discussion about the country's history.
Mandela retired in Junechoosing not to challenge Thabo Mbeki, his vice president, in elections. Mbeki won the election for the ANC and was inaugurated as president on June 16, Mandela's Way: Lessons on Life, Love, and Courage [Richard Stengel, Nelson Mandela] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
A compact, profoundly inspiring book that captures the spirit of Nelson Mandela, distilling the South African leader’s wisdom into 15 vital life lessons We long for heroes and have too few.
Nelson Mandela. Rolihlahla Mandela was born into the Madiba clan in Mvezo, Transkei, on 18 July His mother was Nonqaphi Nosekeni and his father, Nkosi Mphakanyiswa Gadla Mandela, was the main advisor to the Acting King of the Thembu people, Jongintaba Dalindyebo.
Life and Times of Nelson Mandela December 6, - Decoded, International, Miscellaneous - Tagged: life of Nelson Mandela, Nelson Mandela ;ife and times, short article on nelson mandela life, short biography of Nelson Mandela - no comments. No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion.
People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite. Nelson Mandela Biography Full name Nelson Rolihlahla Dalibhunga Mandela AKA 'Madiba'.. Mandela's words, "The struggle is my life," are not to be taken lightly.
"I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. In , at the age of 85, Mr Mandela retired from public life to spend more time with his family and friends and engage in "quiet reflection".
"Don't call me, I'll call you," he warned anyone thinking of inviting him to future engagements. The former president has made few public appearances since largely retiring from public life.